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Location, Habitat and Diet

The habitat of African savanna elephants includes the grasslands, savannas and wooded areas of eastern, southern and central Africa. African elephants are herbivores and will eat many different types of plants, leaves, fruit and other vegetation.

Size and Description

The average weight of an adult African elephant is about 12,000 - 14,000 lbs. The average height is about 9 - 11 ft. They are easy to distinguish by their ears, which are shaped like Africa.

Special Adaptations

Elephants are known for their long trunks and large ears. Their ears contain many blood vessels which give off body heat to help the elephant stay cooler in hot weather. They are able to use their trunks to grasp objects with the specialized muscles in the tip. They can also use it to drink by sucking water into the trunk like a straw and then squirting it into their mouth.


The gestation or pregnancy period for a female African elephant is about 22 months; almost 2 years. It will usually give birth to a single calf.

Other Facts

Female African elephants live together in groups of varying size. The entire herd works together to raise their young, called calves. Males leave the herd at about 12 to 15 years of age. Like many animals that live on the savanna, poaching and habitat loss are the largest threats to African elephants.

Photographer: Volker Schumann
    Kingdom: Phylum: Order: Class: Family: Genus: Species: Animalia Chordata Mammalia Proboscidea Elephantidae Loxodonta africana
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